Plastic. As a result its proliferation has been exponential, its pervasiveness is global. Plastic pollution now reaches virtually every part of the planet. One of the most observable changes on the planet in the last 50 years has been ‘the ubiquity and abundance of plastic debris’1. It is likely that in the first ten years of this century we have used more plastic than we did during the whole of the last.
Plastic production is increasing inexorably, particularly in the developing world; it is an indicator of development. In the first ten years of this century we produced more plastic that the whole of the last century. We are now producing nearly 300 million tonnes of plastic every year, half of which is for single use (Plastics Europe, 2009) .